I have not tried to make or use a device of this type, so I cannot
personally comment as to the effectiveness/safety of this device. One
user of this device had the following to say to me:
The brain synchronizer destresses, relaxes but also clears the mind.
People also use it to break addictions and depression. It's really
incredible. I use mine everyday and it keeps me out of the chronic
depression I used to suffer.
I have been told to mention the following:
Builders of this device should be aware that if they make and sell CES
units to others in the USA that they will be in legal jeopardy because the
other official CES companies will turn them in to the FDA. Currently one
must be FDA approved as a CES manufacturer in the USA in order to be within
the limits of the law.
Excerpted from: FOCUS on ALCOHOL and DRUG ISSUES, Jan/Feb 1983
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES)
Help for ANXIETY
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation has been used as a treatment for
anxiety in several parts of the world for over a quarter of a century.
American medicine has only recently begun to realize its use as a safe
and effective treatment. Studies show that CES treatment yields highly
significant reductions in anxiety, whether the patients were in a psychiatric
setting, a scholastic setting, an outpatient setting, or an in-patient
general hospital setting. Further, while many different kinds of anxiety
have been studied, as measured by the six different psychological measuring
instruments found in these studies, they all responded significantly
to CES treatment. Less intense or less permanent forms of anxiety -
the so-called "situational anxiety" in which a person habitually responds
to personally threatening events in his environment with an anxiety
reaction - respond to CES treatments within a week or less. The more
permanent forms of anxiety - the so-called trait anxiety, or that underlying
level of anxiety that a person typically carries with him at all times
- require a longer period of CES treatment. This kind of anxiety typically
is not reduced significantly in fewer than 2 or 3 weeks of daily treatments.
Help for DEPRESSION
Studies show that reactive depression (that which results from acute
changes in the patients life situation such as a job change or divorce)
is decreased after 6 days of CES treatment.
More deep seated depression (endogenous) in some cases required 3 or
more weeks of daily treatment. For this reason, many physicians routinely
prescribe a minimum of 2 weeks to a month of daily CES treatments in
depressed patients, since it is frequently difficult to gauge the type
or depth of depression with great accuracy. Since many patients have
a "depression habit" physicians should include a home CES unit in their
treatment plan so that the patient can meet any new sign of impending
depression with effective treatment and thereby break the behavioral
reinforcement chain that has both led to and maintained the habit. In
this way, a maladaptive habit can be effectively controlled or broken
without the use of frequent medications and/or repeated visits to the
physician. Other research has shown that CES, when used this way is
neither habit forming nor addictive. Such patients use it only when
they experience an impending medical necessity.
Help for INSOMNIA
Because CES was originally called "Electrosleep" in European countries,
many earlier American studies were designed to learn whether or not
such small amounts of electric currents would actually put people to
sleep. That is, just as 50ma of current - called "electro-anaesthesia"
- put an individual into anesthesia so that surgical procedures could
be performed, 1ma of CES current was assumed to put them into a normal
state of sleep if "Electrosleep" worked. Such studies discovered that
while CES does not necessarily "put a person to sleep", it does accomplish
some very therapeutic changes in the sleep patterns of people who complain
The studies below show that whether measured by the patient's own ratings,
psychiatrists ratings or by electroencephalograph or polygraph recordings
before and after CES treatments, the following effects of CES in insomnia
can be expected:
- Sleep onset latency is reduced. That is, once a person has retired
for the evening, the amount of time it takes him to actually fall
asleep is reduced from one to two hours or more to the more normal
twenty minutes or less.
- The number of awakenings during the night are reduced. That is,
while most insomniacs awaken three or more times during the night
and have difficulty falling asleep again, those treated with CES typically
awaken no more than once or twice following therapy, with most reporting
no awakenings. Furthermore, after awakening, they return to sleep
much more promptly than before.
- CES treated patients spend more time in stage four sleep following
CES treatments. That is, patients spend more time in the deepest,
most restful stage of sleep than they did prior to CES treatment.
It should be noted that some patients who have deprived themselves
of REM sleep - the stage during which dreaming occurs - by taking
drugs or alcohol as a sleeping aid, sometimes spend the first two
or three nights in unusually vivid dream states when first starting
CES treatments. This is considered another indication of the therapeutic
effectiveness of CES in that persons are known to become increasingly
disorganized mentally, some even to the point of psychotic-like symptoms,
when they do not engage in the normal amount of dreaming.
- Finally, it was discovered that many patients receiving CES treatments
report feeling more rested when they awaken in the morning following
Treatment parameters: While some patients begin to respond after the
second or third day of treatment, others do not have their best response
with fewer than 24 days of treatments lasting from 15 minutes to 1 hour.
The beneficial effects have been measured in some experimental groups
for as long as two years. Some people with insomnia have a habitual
pattern of responding to situational stress with an interruption in
their sleep patterns. The best results are obtained when CES is used
each time unusual stressors occur in their life situations that would
ordinarily cause poor sleep. The CES device user is thereby trained
over time to expect a good night's sleep no matter what stressful interruptions
occurred in the normal flow of daily life.
Help for ADDICTIONS
Foremost among the treatment problems among chemically dependent persons
is the need to help them through the psychologically and physically
demanding period of withdrawal. The body reacts to the depressed physical
state engendered by alcohol and other drugs with a rebound stress reaction.
This reaction commonly includes states of extreme anxiety, depression,
and insomnia, for which CES treatment is known to be effective.
Underlying the addictive state is an insidious and progressive destruction
of normal brain functioning including an often incapacitating memory loss,
inability to process information involving abstract symbols, and other
dysfunctions associated with the organic brain syndrome, and advanced
condition which is known as Korsakoff psychosis. Studies on the use of
CES in chemical dependencies are among the best controlled and well designed
research in the U.S. They indicate that CES is a highly effective adjunct
to methadone withdrawal in heroin addicts, significantly shortening the
time to symptom-free withdrawal when compared with methadone alone, and
significantly lowering withdrawal anxiety as measured by the Taylor Manifest
Further, the anxiety and depression accompanying and following withdrawal
of both alcohol and other drugs in polydrug abusers is significantly
reduced when patients receive CES as a post withdrawal treatment.
Most importantly, perhaps, is the finding that CES treatment halts
and significantly reverses brain dysfunction in these patients as measured
on seven different psychological scales of cognitive function, bringing
many such functions back to the level of the pre-addiction state in
the majority of patients studied. Another problem in the treatment of
chemically dependent persons is frequently recurring "dry withdrawal"
in which the individual suffers withdrawal symptoms within several weeks,
then again in several months. The phrases used to describe these phenomena
are a "dry drunk" followed by the "dry withdrawal".
These psychological states lead to high recidivism rates among these
individuals as they return to treatment after "falling off the wagon".
CES is now thought of as one of the most effective, non-drug treatments
for these periods of withdrawal, and a patient who has a personal CES
unit available should be able to use it to prevent a full-blown withdrawal
reaction at such times. By doing so he can reduce the need for additional
medical treatment in a clinic or hospital setting, and will be less
likely to resort to alcohol because of the discomfort accompanying these
Brain Tuner Instructions
Frequency of Usage
For severe problems use it 40 minutes twice daily. For less than severe
problems use it 30-40 minutes once daily, then after a month you can
use it 2 or 3 times a week. (It has cumulative effects.) More than 40
minutes usage in one sitting can have less productive results.
Selecting 6 hz Option
6 hz (cycles per second) enhances Theta brain waves which are normally
experienced between sleep and full alertness. If you are stressed, anxious,
hyper, or are preparing for bed then flip the switch upwards towards
the 6 hz sticker. If you just woke up or want to be more alert then
flip the switch down away from the 6 hz sticker.
Using Ear Clip Electrodes
Pull open both ear clips and wet thoroughly with saltwater. Wipe your
ear lobes clean because dirt or oil can cause stinging sensations when
using unit. Clip them onto your ear lobes before turning the unit on.
The saltwater usually dries out after 45 minutes (and stops conducting
electric current) which is good because then you don't have to watch
the clock too closely. Turn unit off before handling electrodes to prevent
electrical tingling of your fingers.
Setting Current Control Knob
Before turning unit on, turn the dial fully counterclockwise. Turn
unit on, wait for any initial tingling to subside, and then slowly turn
the dial clockwise until you get uncomfortable tingling and then turn
it back counterclockwise into the comfort zone. The farther clockwise
it is turned, the more electric current you're receiving (and the more
the current LED will light up). Too much current can result in dizziness.
When you first start using it you may have uncomfortable sensations
even with it turned fully counterclockwise. This usually subsides quickly
and then you can turn it up. If it don't subside then you can adjust
the electronics to suit you by turning the unit off, removing the 4
bottom screws, pulling out the electronics board, and with a mini-screwdriver
turn the center of the potentiometer marked "<-adjust" counterclockwise
(while the unit is on and connected to you) until you are comfortable
with the diminished sensation felt. This is a last resort though because
too little current may result in less benefits.
Using AC Adapter
This unit is powered by an internal rechargeable battery that will
need recharging when you can't feel any tingling with the control fully
clockwise. To recharge the battery just turn the unit off and plug the
AC adapter into the AC wall socket and into the power jack on the unit.
It will automatically recharge like that. Let it recharge overnight
or 14 hours for a maximum charge. Too much charging may shorten the
batteries life span. Next morning it is ready to use for at least another
4 hours total. Don't connect the AC adapter to the unit except when
recharging. If the unit ever gets to where it won't last long between
charges then you can replace the internal 9v battery with Radio Shack's
9 volt rechargeable #23-299. Recharge after replacing battery.
Caring for Electrodes
Handle electrodes carefully so as not to bend the wires where they
connect to the electrodes. If this connection ever breaks then you can
remove the cloth and solder the wire back in place. If cloth gets too
dirty then you can replace it by removing it, cutting a piece of 100%
cloth the same size, and re-stitching it back in place.
Mix 3 tsp non-iodized sea salt or rock salt with 2 ounce distilled
water. Stir and let sit for 3 hours. Store in a dark eyedropper bottle.
Stir 1 drop of this salt solution into 4 oz distilled water and use
to fill an eyedropper bottle for use on the electrodes.
Qty Mouser # cost Backup
1 project box 400-1542 3.70 RS: 270-231 2.32
1 9v rechargeable battery 573-15F8K 7.99
1 9v battery clip 12BC160 .54
1 output transformer 42TM006 2.41
1 C555 timer IC 511-TS555CN .46
1 C556 timer IC 511-TS556CN .62
1 8 pin IC socket 571-26404633 .11
1 14 pin IC socket 571-26403573 .13
1 100K pot 31VA501 1.25
1 pot knob 450-2070 .99
1 25K mini pot 569-72PM-25K .99
2 3.5mm female jack 16PJ137 .52
2 3.5mm male plug 17PP103 .86
1 12v 200ma Adaptor 412-1101 4.90
1 470uf capacitor 140-XRL10V470 .18
1 1uf capacitor 540-1.0M35 .33
1 .22uf capacitor 540-0.22M35 .33
1 .0047uf capacitor 581-UEC472J1 .62
1 120K resistor 30B-J250-120K .22
2 22K resistor 30B-J250-22K .44
2 4.7K resistor 30B-J250-4.7K .44
1 1K resistor 30B-J250-1K .44
1 1.3K resistor 30B-J250-1.3K .44
1 680 ohm resistor 1/2W 30B-J500-680 .22
1.5" 1/16" shrink tubing, 4' 5174-11162 4'/.78
Qty Radio Shack # cost
2 2ma LED 276-044 2.12
1 PC board 276-150 .64
3.5' 24ga speaker wire 278-1301 .27
Qty JDR # cost
1 SPDT switch SP/DT 1.25
1 SPDT-CO switch SW22 1.29
1 1.5M resistor R1.5M .05
1 18K resistor R18K .05
2 10K resistor R10K .10
2 2.2K resistor R2.2K .10
1 50K mini pot 72PR50K .79
1 10K mini pot 72PR10K .79
1 1K mini pot 72PR1.0K .79
2 2907 transistor 2N2907A .29
2 3904 transistor 2N3904 .10
4 1N4148 diode 1N4148 .04
1 1N4001 diode 1N4001 .06
4 rubber feet 3M5012-BL 100/6.95
3.5' 24ga single wire WIRE-24YSR100 100'/3.95
2 ear clips from Beads N Beyond part #125 $.25ea
(sew 100% cotton cloth on them. Wet with saltwater before using)
Beads N Beyond: 1-704-254-7927
35 Wall St
Asheville NC 28801
Mouser Electronics: 1-800-346-6873
958 N Main St
Mansfield TX 76063-4827
JDR Microdevices: 1-800-538-5000
1850 South 10th St
San Jose, CA 95112-9941